July 28, 2021

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America exceeds 500 million doses applied


A woman receives a dose of the covid-19 vaccine at a vaccination post in the Santafé shopping center in Medellín (Colombia). Photo: EFE / Luis Eduardo Noriega A./Archivo

America this week exceeded 500 million doses of vaccines against covid-19 applied, a figure that, however, does not indicate that the pandemic is controlled, especially in Central America, where only 2 million people have been immunized.

This and seven other news items of the week make up the keys to vaccination in America:

WITH 320 MILLION OF THE FIRST DOSE AND 194 MILLION OF THE SECOND

According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), to date 527,509,495 doses of the different vaccines have been placed on the continent, of which 319,940,327 correspond to the first injection and 194,963,368 to the second.

Likewise, the international body specified that more than 12 million people have been immunized in America with vaccines that require a single prick.

By number of vaccines given, the five most advanced countries in the region are, in order, the United States with 303,901,512 doses; Brazil (65,853,664), Mexico (32,874,857), Canada (25,226,671) and Chile (19,108,973).

VIRUS CONTROL CAN TAKE YEARS

Despite the fact that 500 million doses applied is a considerable number, PAHO Director Carissa Etienne warned this Wednesday that the slowness of the process, mainly in Latin America and the Caribbean, could make the control of the virus take several years.

“Today we are seeing the emergence of two worlds: one that quickly returns to normal and another in which recovery is still in the distant future,” said the expert.

And it is that statistics show that while the United States has fully vaccinated more than 40% of its population, some countries such as Bolivia, Ecuador and Peru have only inoculated 3% of its inhabitants, and others such as Guatemala, Trinidad and Tobago and Honduras not even 1%.

Thus, less than 3 million people have completed their vaccination schedule in the Caribbean and only 2 million have achieved it in Central America.

USA WILL DONATE 500 MILLION VACCINES

Precisely to make vaccination more equitable in the world, US President Joe Biden said Thursday that his country will not ask for anything in return for the covid-19 vaccines that it will donate.

Biden formally announced the US purchase and donation of 500 million vaccines to pharmaceutical company Pfizer for delivery to low-income countries.

“Our vaccine donations do not include pressure for favors or possible concessions,” said the president, adding that the US is doing it to save lives, “to end this, that is, period.”

COLOMBIA, FIRST TO APPLY JANSSEN IN LATIN AMERICA

This Friday it was reported that Colombia will receive next Tuesday a batch of 480,000 Janssen vaccines, which requires a single application, and will be the first Latin American country to start using them.

The preparations will be used in remote municipalities of the country or conflict zones, for which the Government has already begun the summons of 380,000 people in 34 localities.

The other 100,000 vaccines will be to reinforce vaccination in people over 60 years of age because, according to Health, “the unvaccinated population of these age groups is the one that is providing the greatest demands for intensive care in capital cities.”

DOSE OF CANSINO IS EXPECTED IN ARGENTINA AND ECUADOR

Argentine health authorities approved the emergency use of the Convidecia vaccine, from the Chinese company CanSino Biologics, and advanced an agreement to acquire 5.4 million doses.

Also, the president of Ecuador, Guillermo Lasso, announced the completion of the acquisition of 6 million CanSino vaccines, which are for a single application.

DOSAGE FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

The Brazilian National Health Surveillance Agency authorized the administration of the Pfizer / BioNTech covid-19 vaccine for adolescents from 12 years of age.

Before this decision, the drug could only be applied to people 16 years of age or older in the country, one of the worst hit by the pandemic.

For its part, the Finlay Vaccine Institute of Havana will initiate a clinical trial in the pediatric population of the vaccine candidates Soberana 02 and Soberana Plus, two of the five that Cuba is developing.

In the same vein, the Moderna laboratory requested the United States regulators for authorization for the emergency use of its vaccine in adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age.

PARAGUAY: SHIFT FOR PREGNANT AND OVER 55

Paraguay began vaccinating pregnant women on Wednesday while the country continues to accumulate deaths and infections from coronavirus and oxygen is scarce in health centers.

Pregnant women, older than 18 years and with more than 20 weeks of gestation, will receive the 99,600 doses of Moderna that arrived the previous weekend, while this Saturday the immunization process of people older than 55 years will begin.

DESPITE THE NEED, VACCINES ARE THROWN

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decided to release for use two rounds of Johnson & Johnson vaccines made at Emergent Biosolutions’ troubled Baltimore plant, though it ordered many more to be thrown away, for failure to collect the conditions to be applied.

The FDA made this announcement this Friday in a statement in which it does not give figures, although the US media does provide them: according to The New York Times, there are 60 million doses that must be discarded, compared to 10 million that are saved and that are authorized for use.



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