To evaluate the incidence of cervical cancer in Puerto Rico, Dr. Ana Patricia Ortiz from the Graduate School of Public Health of the Medical Sciences Campus (RCM) of the University of Puerto Rico (UPR) announced today the findings of the study “Incidence of cervical cancer in Puerto Rico, 2001-2017 ”.
The research, recently published in Jama Oncology Journals, was conducted in conjunction with Drs. Karen J. Ortiz Ortiz, Vivian Colón López, Guillermo Tortolero Luna, Carlos R. Torres Cintrón, Chi Fang Wu, and Ashish A. Deshmukh.
“While national trends in cervical cancer incidence in the contiguous United States are well documented, recent trends in Puerto Rico – which is home to nearly 2 million Hispanic / Latino women – are unclear. This, particularly among the age groups and birth cohorts that may have benefited from cervical cancer screening and human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination, ”explained Dr. Ortiz.
The data set analyzed from the Central Cancer Registry of Puerto Rico shows that from 2001 to 2017, 3,510 cases of cervical cancer were diagnosed in Puerto Rico.
Ortiz explained that, “the incidence of cervical cancer in Puerto Rico increased from 9.2% to 13% per 100,000 inhabitants. On the Island, there was a marked increase in the incidence of cervical cancer among women under 35 years of age during the period from 2001 to 2010. The incidence increased rapidly among women aged 35 to 64 years. There were no significant changes among women 65 years and older. The age-period cohort model shows that, compared to the reference group (women born in 1961), the risk of cervical cancer is more than four times higher among women born after 1991 ”.