Official figures on the COVID-19 pandemic reveal that, in the last week, with each day that passed, the situation worsened for all the main lines in which it is measured.
In the last week, 29 died people from the dangerous coronavirus. Meanwhile, in the past seven days, the accumulated confirmed cases shot up from 5,416 to 6,835; and the total number of probable cases rose from 10,015 to 11,329.
Likewise, the number of people hospitalized, in intensive care rooms and using respirators has increased, although for now the capacity of hospitals has not reached a point occupation that is considered to compromise them.
For Dr. José Rodríguez Gómez, this situation "was to be expected", because the necessary discipline has not been acted to face the pandemic.
"This was to be expected . Let's start there. We are irresponsible and we look for things, "said the epidemiologist and gerontologist. "And we can attribute it to three fundamental factors: the lack of discipline of many, the people who have been arriving on many flights out of control, and the inability to do the necessary tests at the right time."
"It is It is a shame to say it, but that lack of personal, individual responsibility towards one and others … the lack of social distance, everything we saw when beaches and businesses opened, 15 days later we are seeing the cases as a result of that, "he said. the expert.
“But we are undisciplined. There I saw a lady saying, "ah, but there is something to die for." Well, look, well, if you believe so, we respect you. But hey, don't drag the others. The same with young people. We saw those little boys on the beach, and then they go to see Grandpa, and then the old men are the ones who died, ”he condemned. "We have to be diligent, understand that this is going to continue, take care of ourselves and take care of others."
He recalled that, according to epidemiologists "who know the most about this," for each reported case it is estimated that there may be 5 to 10 more cases that have not been detected. "And the implications of that are very serious, because no health system, however sophisticated and advanced it may be, can handle so many cases."
"Here we are doing what we can, with respirators that, thank God, Your usage limit has not been exceeded. Our system has been able to work, until now. But we don't want to go beyond that limit, "he insisted, recalling the sad episodes that have been experienced in Europe and other places where hospitals reached the point that they had to choose which person to connect to the respirator to save them and which one would be left to die.  “We know that this virus attacks anyone, but especially people at higher risk, older adults, people who are overweight, with cancer, with diabetes, cardiorespiratory conditions, with a compromised immune system. It is known that people at risk have to be cared for much more, "he said.
He also reiterated that it is known that asymptomatic carriers are a potential danger, because they do not experience symptoms and do not know that they carry the disease, and by the time they do a test, if they do it, they may have already infected dozens of people.
He warned that this upward trend in cases may also put at risk the number of health personnel available to care for the sick.
“There are already comments out there, from infected health professionals who do not give them the test result on time, and continue to work. If you do the late test or do not report it, they are working with great risk, "he commented.
The expert also regretted the hasty official decision making.
" Unfortunately, we should have been more cautious when They made the decisions to open certain areas, "he said.
On the other hand, he said, technology is already available that can help control the pandemic, such as the installation of ultraviolet ray technology that is placed in air conditioners and leaves the free of viruses and bacteria. That same ultraviolet ray technology is also available on portable computers that run for about 30 seconds on surfaces and leave them free of viruses and bacteria.
“But the most important thing is your willingness to do things and prevent you from getting… the attitude, knowledge and behavior, that is, doing things, that is the determining factor, "insisted the doctor.
Like the vast majority of scientists, doctors and other specialists, Rodríguez He insisted on the importance of observing the recommendations for the use of a mask, social distancing and frequent hand washing.
"That is the initial baseline: the correct use of the mask, physical distancing and hygiene," he reiterated.
“And this will continue. Unfortunately it is so. And in the same way that I say that we cannot be locked up for five years, I say that we will have to adapt to this. The important thing is to follow these guidelines and stay healthy, with a good immune system, with a good diet, exercising. With all that, if it gives you, you may not complicate yourself. 80% of those who get it do not give more than a cold. But 20% get complicated, and of that 20%, 5% die. So the main thing is not to fall in that 20% and much less in 5%, "he insisted.
The expert stressed that he considers it unlikely that a decrease in the COVID-19 figures will occur because" there are many factors that they influence controlling the contagion that we are not doing properly, including when the tests are done. "
" This will not go away. Will continue. And the only form of control we have are those control measures, the mask, the ‘face shield’ (face protector), physical distancing, hand washing, and even gargling with salt water. That is a matter of basic hygiene, washing your hands well, and you can gargle salt water … three tablespoons of salt in a cup of water, with that you clean the throat that is an entry point of the virus, you can do it before go out and back, "he insisted.
Despite everything, the doctor said that it can" give a little light at the end of the tunnel, and it is not the train that is going to run you over. " “As an epidemiologist, I am very aware of the development of possible vaccines. And I can say that there are several projects running 'fast track' that are well advanced and with good news, "he said. “There are about 50 types of clinical trials underway, and there are about four or five well advanced. And in those we have our hopes pinned. "
I estimate that a possible vaccine would be available before the initial estimates that pointed to 2021.
" I think that (the vaccine) will be before the end of the year. Sure, you need to analyze them very carefully. They are vaccines with RNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and you have to see how they work. And you have to see how long their effectiveness lasts, for how long those antibodies will develop. But I think they will be sooner than many scientists had established, "he predicted.