Pregnant women with COVID-19 are less likely to have symptoms than non-pregnant women with this virus, but they are more likely to require intensive care in severe illness; thus concludes a new investigation published in September in the specialized medical journal BMJ.
The study sheds light on the risks that the coronavirus carries for pregnant women and their babies. For example, it indicates that pregnant women with COVID-19 who have been treated in hospitals are usually less susceptible to experiencing fever or muscle aches but, if they contract a severe form of the disease, they are more likely to need intensive care than non-pregnant women with COVID-19.
The research was led by researchers from the University of Birmingham (UK), the World Health Organization and the HRP Special Program, as well as other collaborators.
According to published findings, pregnant women with COVID-19 who have pre-existing conditions, such as diabetes or chronic hypertension, or those who are older or overweight, are also more likely to experience serious health complications from COVID-19.
These findings underscore the need for pregnant and newly delivered women to take every precaution to avoid COVID-19, particularly if they have underlying conditions.
On the other hand, the research concludes that pregnant women with COVID-19 were more likely to give birth prematurely. Likewise, it is also shown that one in four babies of women with COVID-19 was admitted to a neonatal unit, although there is a lack of data on the causes of premature births or indications on the admission of these babies to neonatal units. Still, the prenatal and neonatal mortality rates were low.
Implications for medical care
According to the research, it is important for health care providers to be aware that pregnant women with COVID-19 and their neonates may be more susceptible to needing specialized care, as it is for women and their babies to have access to these types of Attention.
Furthermore, it is crucial to emphasize that the right of every woman, whether or not she has COVID-19, to a pregnancy and childbirth that constitute positive experiences must be guaranteed.
Likewise, the research concludes that it is important to recognize the increased stress and anxiety caused by COVID-19, which can particularly affect pregnant women, those who have just given birth, and their partners, children and families; health care providers have a role in caring for pregnant women appropriately and compassionately.